Putting Biotechnology to Work: Bioprocess Engineering

Putting Biotechnology to Work: Bioprocess Engineering
Author: National Research Council
ISBN: 0309047854
Publisher: National Academies Press
Publication Date: 1992-11
Number Of Pages: 132
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Biotechnology is broadly defined in a 1991 Office of Technology
Assessment report as "any technique that uses living organisms (or parts of
organisms) to make or modify products, to improve plants or animals, or to
develop microorganisms for specific uses." This technology has been
instrumental in the development and implementation of processes for the
manufacture of antibiotics and other pharmaceuticals, industrial sugars, alcohols,
amino acids and other organic acids, foods, and specialty products through the
application of microbiology, fermentation, enzymes, and separation technology.
Engineers, working with life scientists, often achieved scale-up to industrial
production in remarkably short periods. A relatively small number helped to
catalyze, over a period of 50 years, the growth of the pharmaceutical, food,
agricultural-processing, and specialty-product sectors of the U.S. economy to the
point where sales now exceed $100 billion/year.